here are two spiritual dangers in not owning a farm. One is the danger of supposing that breakfast comes from the grocery, and the other that heat comes from the furnace.
Aldo Leopold

28 January 2005


Benjamin Franklin's Goals of Virtue

Temperance : Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation.

Silence : Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation.

Order : Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time.

Resolution : Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve.

Frugality : Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; that is, waste nothing.

Industry : Lose no time; be always employed in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions.

Sincerity : Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly; speak accordingly.

Justice : Wrong none by doing injuries; or omitting the benefits that are your duty.

Moderation : Avoid extremes; forebear resenting injuries so much as you think deserve.

Cleanliness : Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, clothes, or habitation.

Tranquility : Be not disturbed at trifles or at accidents common or unavoidable.

Chastity : Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dullness, weakness, or the injury of your own or another's peace or reputation.

Humility : Imitate Jesus and Socrates.

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